© Zhe Ren, 2015, Guangzhou
  • Symposium

Neighborhood Transformation in East Asian Cities: Is "Gentrification" the Right Frame of Reference?

15 - 17 May 2022

In this symposium, we are interested in the following question: Is "gentrification" the best concept with which to describe what is going on in Asian cities, or do we need other—or additional—frames to understand the Asian context at the neighborhood level?

  • About
  • Pre-event
  • Conveners
  • Indicative panels
  • COVID-19 in Japan

Gentrification is the process by which urban neighborhoods, usually the home of low and lower-middle-income residents, become the focus of reinvestment and settlement by middle classes. The rapid urbanization process puts Asian megacities at the center of gentrification studies. In terms of its scale, speed, and the stakeholders involved, gentrification in Asian cities looks entirely different from the process in cities in Europe and the United States, where the term gentrification first started to be coined starting in the 1960s. When it comes to non-Western cities, scholars consider gentrification as a broader political and economic process. This process includes the unequal and uneven production of urbanizing space, entailing power struggles between haves and have-nots as well as disputes over the upgrading of small neighborhoods or more significant clashes related to social displacement experienced at the metropolitan or even regional scale (Shin, H. B., & López-Morales, E. (2018). Beyond Anglo-American gentrification theory. In Handbook of gentrification studies. Edward Elgar Publishing.) 

The concept of gentrification is difficult to translate into language worlds that are distant from English  (Waley, P. (2016). Speaking gentrification in the languages of the Global East. Urban Studies, 53(3), 615-625). However, scholars working on cities in Asia keep using this concept due to hegemonic theories written in the English language and propagated by scholars working on Western cities.

Symposium objectives and scope

In this symposium, we are interested in the following question: Is "gentrification" the best concept with which to describe what is going on in Asian cities, or do we need other—or additional—frames to understand the Asian context at the neighborhood level?  Our goals in this symposium are to 1) understand what is going on at the neighborhood level in Asia; and 2) identify more appropriate terms and lenses with which to describe transformations in Asian cities, using locally-specific language and frameworks.

The geographical scope of the symposium is East Asia, including Northeast Asia and the ASEAN countries in Southeast Asia. Contributions may be in the form of individual case studies or comparative work involving multiple cities in the region. Selected papers presented at the symposium will be published together as an edited volume or a special journal issue, depending on the strength and coherence of the contributions.  

Given the ongoing uncertainties arising from Covid-19, this will be a blended event with participants (both panelists and audience members) having the option to join the panel proceedings online if travel to Chiba is not possible, or if they prefer to participate online.

You can download the short symposium concept note here.

Keynote speech: Frontiers of Gentrification: Perspectives from Asia
Keynote speaker: Prof. Hyun Bang Shin
Date & time: Wednesday, 1 September 2021, 10:00-11:30 (Amsterdam/CEST)

The speaker

Hyun Bang Shin is Professor of Geography and Urban Studies at the London School of Economics and Political Science and directs the LSE Saw Swee Hock Southeast Asia Centre. His research centres on the critical analysis of the political economy of urbanisation, politics of displacement, gentrification, housing, the right to the city, urban spectacles, and speculative urbanism with particular attention to cities in Asian countries such as China, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam and Singapore. His most recent projects on circulating urbanism and Asian capital involve field research in Quito, Manila, Iskandar Malaysia, Kuwait City and London. His recent books include Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement (2015, Policy Press), Planetary Gentrification (2016, Polity Press), Neoliberal Urbanism, Contested Cities and Housing in Asia (2019, Palgrave Macmillan), and Exporting Urban Korea? Reconsidering the Korean Urban Development Experience (2020, Routledge). He is currently working on two book manuscripts, Making China Urban (for Routledge) and another on the making of speculative city of Seoul.

Zhe Ren

Zhe RenZhe Ren is a research fellow at the Institute of Developing Economies of Japan. He is a political scientist with a particular interest in contemporary China. His research centers on inter-governmental relations, policy study, state-society relations, and urban studies. His current project focuses on the discretionary power of township and village leaders in the process of urbanization and digitalization. He published two books and authored book chapters and papers in various languages. He obtained BA from Peking University, MA., and Ph.D. from Waseda University. Before joining IDE in 2011, he conducted his research at Waseda University and Hokkaido University.


Paul Rabé

Paul RabéDr. Paul Rabé is academic coordinator of the cities cluster at the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) in Leiden, the Netherlands, which includes two networks of urban scholars: the Urban Knowledge Network Asia (UKNA) and the Southeast Asia Neighborhoods Network (SEANNET). In addition, Paul is Lead Expert in Urban Land Governance at the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS) of Erasmus University Rotterdam, where he heads the Land Management team. He is a political scientist by training, with a doctoral degree in policy, planning and development from the University of Southern California’s Sol Price School of Public Policy. Paul’s motivation is to bridge the divide between academia and practice when it comes to our approaches to cities. His engagement is in both worlds: he has over 20 years of experience in advisory work and capacity building as well as research and teaching on urban policy topics. His research and professional interests focus on urban land governance and access to land for social, economic and environmental uses. His current focus is on the intersection of land policy and the management of water resources in urban and peri-urban areas.

PANEL 1: Comparative Studies

Meric Kirmizi
Japanese gentrification: theory and practice

Jingyi Zhu
Inner city revival beyond gentrification: neighbourhood micro-regeneration in Shanghai urban transformation 

Blaž Križnik
Changing scope of gentrification in Seoul? Commodification of traditional industrial clusters in Sangwangsimni and Changsin-Sungin

Desmond Sham
Gentrification everywhere: Is ‘gentrification’ losing its critical edge


PANEL 2: Concept of Gentrification

Yifan Zhang
Journey to the West-A Case Study on the Gentrification of the Urban Spaces in Panzhihua, Sichuan Province 

Heide Imai
Gentrification, Revitalization or what: Changing Spaces, Places and Scapes in Japan 

Raphaella Dewantari DWIANTO
Gentrifying segregated neighborhood : politics of housing in an Indonesian city 

Irna Nurlina Masron
Gentrification and its various contexts: heritage-making as alternative development?


PANEL 3: History, Heritage and Revitalisation

Lei Ping
Social Class Re-stratification through Neighborhood Gentrification: Post-Mao Shanghai as a Case Study

Johannes Kiener
Examining the Role of Housing for Art-led Neighborhood Renovation: The Case of the Inner-city in Osaka 

Remco Vermeulen
Understanding gentrification and heritage conservation in Southeast Asian cities through rapid urban appraisals 

Napong Tao Rugkhapan
Hipster bars, urban change, and spatial conflict in Soi Nana, Bangkok, Thailand


PANEL 4: Nanjing University Panel (Cities in China)

Yanjun Cai
Conviviality and Informality: Everyday Urban Multiculture in Pantang, Guangzhou 

Yimeng Yang
Life Community or Enterprise Collective? Comparative Study of the Transformation and Spatial Practice of Two "Village Collectives" in China 

Michela Bonato
The making of a “gentry-focused district” in Chongqing, China: political and advertising discourses


PANEL 5: Social Impacts

J. Paragas Lambino
The characteristics and locality of nomadic living in a metropolis:  The case of street dwellers of Metro Manila, the Philippines

Tamaki Endo
The spatial exclusion of urban lower class: The case of Bangkok 

Wai Weng Hew
Piety, Property, and Politics: ‘Islamic Neighbourhood’ and ‘Religious Gentrification’ in Indonesia and Malaysia 

Katarzyna Golik
Gentrification of post-nomadic cities in Inner Asia. Case studies of Ulaanbaatar and Nantun (Ewenki Autonomous Banner)


PANEL 6: Urban Policy

Kate Sewell
Speaking back to gentrification’s global reach: urban aspirations and state-led urban renewal in Hong Kong 

Ying Zhou
Gentrification with Chinese characteristics: cases of neighborhood-scale transformations in the wes

Klaas Kresse
Collaborative Development with Speculation Biotopes –  How access to the speculation game buys goodwill of the displaced 

Yuanshuang Zhang
State-led Gentrification or Marginal Reform :"Chaiqian" in a Post Work-unit City, Chongqing 

Currently, foreign nationals from 152 countries/regions are denied entrance to Japan. For further details and updates, please check the link below (by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan). For more information, please visit: https://www.mofa.go.jp/ca/fna/page4e_001053.html 

The state of emergency period extends to the end of May in Tokyo. In the case of Chiba, the situation is slightly better than in Tokyo. For further details, please check the link below (information issued by the Cabinet Secretariat): https://corona.go.jp/en/ 

The supply of vaccines is still limited in Japan. As of 6 May, the total number of vaccines were about 4 million (mainly for health care professionals and the elderly). So far, we do not have further information about the vaccine schedule for all residents. 


For further information and questions, please contact Ms Xiaolan Lin of the UKNA Secretariat at IIAS, at x.lin@iias.nl