Ines Macamo Raimundo

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Inês M. Raimundo is a Human Geographer with an interest in migration and inclusive growth, food security, climate change, forced migration and mangrove destructions due to human induced activities in in Mozambique. She holds a PhD in Forced Migration and Master in Human Geography by the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa and a Licenciatura (Bhonors) in Geography by Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique. She holds the position of Associate Professor in Human Geography & Head of Department of Academic Assurance, at Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique. 

In 2019 she received appreciation from Global Challenge Research Fund and UK Research and Innovation due to her contribution to UKRI International Development Peer Review College.In current year Raimundo and colleagues from Yale University, US were awarded a grant research by the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) within the Transregional Research Grants 2020- Transregional Collaboratory on the Indian Ocean where they presented “Mangroves and Tangled Futures: Agrarian Change, Energy Extraction and Coastal Ecologies in Mozambique and Western India”. She is engaged in international research partnerships from Global South and Global North where she is engaged in migration, population growth and mangroves destruction in coastal cities of Mozambique.

Coastal Zone of Maputo City: a case study on Costa do Sol and Pescadores Wards

Satellite images from about 45 years ago show an exuberant forest of mangroves along the coastal zone of Maputo where Costa do Sol and Pescadores wards are located. Admirably, the recent pictures taken by the author of this abstract and current satellite images perform mangrove clearing, causing a landscape without mangroves. Contrarily, in replacement of mangroves, we are seeing a new settlement formed by houses of high pattern and side by side there are huts or reed houses. Up to late 1990 decade, these neighbourhoods had been mainly occupied by fishermen, in-bound migrants and Internally Displaced Persons caused by the civil war (1976-1992) who found these areas safe to settle themselves and for employment opportunities. After war, peace, post-war reconstruction periods, new investment opportunities for projects development due to booming of the mining sector together produced the new wealthy who through illegal land sale shoved away poor and under-served people in a clear process of gentrification justified on the sake of “neighborhood upgrade”. While vulnerable and under-served people are shoved away, simultaneously mangroves are destroyed too; impacting negatively the environment on cretaceous habitat and eventually the obstruction of the channels that the sea uses during high tides and in order to prevent mangroves sunk and erosion. Through recent literature review, satellite images and censuses data analysis, and interviews that I have undertaken on urban studies namely food security and internal migration with impacts on mangrove destruction and creation of new urban spaces; on this abstract I discuss the relationship between population growth and gentrification of expenses on account of mangrove destruction in Costa do Sol and Pescadores Wards, outskirts of Maputo City.

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Eduardo Mondlane University